How Android and iOS In Mobile App Development Are Different?

 13 Mar 2019

Android and iOS are very familiar words for everyone, but creating apps for these two operating systems is a critical task. Each of them has its own peculiarities but how many of us know the difference between Android and iOS in Mobile App Development? Be it the process of application creation or its technical foundations, there are various differences that an untrained eye can even think of.

This blog defines a way for you to understand everything about mobile app development and the ways in which iOS and Android differ from each other.

Prime Differences between Android and iOS in Mobile App Development

We have tried to illustrate the differences through effective screenshots. Hope you will enjoy reading it. The blog covers the following sections-

Introduction

The choice can be somewhat paradigmatic when it comes to choosing between iOS  and Android app development. Creators of these development platforms work day and night to improve and implement new features on a regular basis. On one hand, where Android O, a new version of Android is set to be released soon, Apple, on the other hand, is getting ready for its release of iOS 11.

Android vs. iOS

So, the question is, which option should a novice mobile application developer choose?

Also, if you are at the situation of taking baby steps of your programming career, you have probably questioned yourself several times as to which development sphere to select – iOS or Android.

This is why we will now examine the advantages of these platforms from the developer’s point of view, and also, we will consider prospects for the development of companies’ software.

Let us begin with a constructive analysis of the difference between Android and iOS development.

Android vs. iOS – Which one is Best For Development language

Android-based applications use Java language while the building process. It needs a lot of code to be written. To develop iOS-based applications, swift language is used. Java coding is a bit slower than the brand- new language swift. Also, Java engineers take much more time to write codes in comparison to swift ones. The iOS apps using swift are made faster as they take less time to write codes.

Talking more about Java, the newly emerged alternative, Kotlin is completely interoperable with Java. It is not only intuitive but easy to read as well. Moreover, Kotlin is known as the main language to build android- based apps.

Android vs. iOS – Which one is Best For Integrated development environment availability (IDE)

Emerging the development program, earlier developers were using Eclipse to develop apps but with the development of Google Studio, it was replaced and developers started using this in the backend to develop applications. It offers various advantages over Eclipse such as:

  • Cross-platform
  • Vast Functionality
  • Great Debugging
  • Simple packaging

On the other hand, XCode is used by the iOS developers to develop Apple- backed iOS apps. It is a great environment for building outstanding apps for Mac/iPhone/iPad devices. It possesses the ability to find out the mistakes/errors in both syntax and logic and even get the code fixed.

Android vs. iOS – Which one is Best For Design philosophy

Below are some of the design principles that should be considered when designing an app:

  • Screen sizes and resolutions: Android which uses Google-backed equipment uses a number of screen sizes which lead to a vast range of screen resolutions. While on the other hand, iOS devices use more than three possible resolutions for the iPhone and a few for iPad with two screen sizes (iPhone/iPad)
  • Navigation: Navigation bar is placed to the top in iOS devices while in android devices, it is placed left. Also, in iOS, the navigation icons are blue or gray by default while you can customize the icons as colorful in Android as you want.
  • Menu: Android-based applications prefer having a drawer menu or a side/hamburger menu, which is usually placed on the left after the tap-and-pull gesture. Whereas on the other side, the tab bar in iOS is placed at the bottom with comparatively easier access to the hidden menu icons. Typically, the Hamburger menu is widely used for iOS-based devices but should be customized.
  • Alerts and pop-up: Pop- up and alerts appear suddenly and thus need prompt actions. Android users can avoid such alerts by selecting “Agree/ disagree” whereas iOS users can submit actions by selecting “Okay/ don’t allow”. Alert and action sheet are two kinds of alerts for IOS powered devices. They look same and even their functionality is also same but action sheet is used when there is need more than the two depicted actions, including cancel.
  • ‘Back’ Button: The back button option is offered to the Android users in order to return to the previous page earlier opened whereas the Apple backend platform does not have a real back button option in order to return to the previous page. Instead of it, Apple users can make use of the top left button to go back to the previous screens in the hierarchical order without navigating through the entire app.

Android vs. iOS – Which one is Best For The audience

Android vs. iOS

Android vs. iOS

The statistics displayed to give more useful information about users that use Android/iOS-powered gears. As you can see, the Google-backed platform currently holds the largest global platform share. Earlier blackberry was in the limelight but as time passed, android comes into action.

Android vs. iOS

As shown in the figure above, Apple users tend to be female, 35+ years old who work in media/marketing/business industry, their average annual income $200K. whereas the  Android users are male, 18-34 years old, work in IT/Energy &Utilities, their average annual income $50K $100K.

Android vs. iOS – Which one is Best For Development complexity:

Android devices have a vast range of systems that operate on devices whereas the iOS supporting devices are limited, such as (iPhone/iPod/iPad). Thus, ultimately, the Android-based gears creation is more complex.  Why? Because of the wide range of operating systems as compared to the iOS-powered gears with a narrow range of Oss.

Not only this but also as discussed earlier, the Android platform uses a wide range of different screen sizes. This is what should be taken into account while developing. The same thing goes about the systems who operate on the devices that should be considered while the mobile app creation.

Android vs. iOS – Which one is Best For Cost of development

The cost of development depends on the needs, requirements and the budget first. You need to list out your needs, make a decision on the platform and then you can ask a developer for the estimate.

Also, the cost of development also depends on the time taken to complete the project.  The more time it takes, the higher will be the cost. You can read various blogs, books to get a rough idea about the development processes, time and the cost associated.

Android vs. iOS – Which one is Best For Deployment speed:

The time taken (acceptance time) for Android-powered apps to be released on Google Play takes less time in compared to an iOS-based app to get on Apple Store. Why? It’s because the android- based applications are reviewed with automated tests while iOS apps require personal expert’s verification (7 days on average).

Also, Android developers should take care that they should not submit the application with errors. Google allows developers to undergo multiple versions, to handle some errors while on the other hand, there is a risk for the iOS app to be rejected after waiting response from experts so much time.

Time to sum up:

So, these were some of the aspects one need to pay attention when selecting a platform to build a mobile app. We hope you are now pretty clear about differences between the Android and iOS in app development. You should always analyze your resources and your options to make an efficient choice among these two different operating systems. Hope it helps. Good luck with your app!

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